It has now become very common to hear the term fibromyalgia. People from various part of the world experience strange pain in their body and if they go for diagnosis, it is hard to find out the actual cause of the pain.
For some patients, these pains are never changing and trouble them throughout their life.
Though researches have not proved the causes, based on the experiences of people who already have this condition, it is now easier to understand more about fibromyalgia and take some simple steps for pain reduction.
When you have continuous symptoms of pain, it can also be called as Hyperalgesia yet another symptom experienced by fibromyalgia patients. When you know the medical terms, it becomes easier for you to explain your problem to your doctor.
The pain symptoms that a fibromyalgia patient experience is also of different types and each pain symptom has a different name.
People have shared different experiences that they have. Based on these experiences pain symptoms are categorized.
Hyperalgesia is one such pain symptom experienced by the individuals. This symptom can be an outcome of fibromyalgia or it can be due to opioids addiction which can then lead to fibromyalgia problems.
Know more about hyperalgesia
Hyperalgesia is a term that is used to denote excess pain in the body experienced by an individual. This is one of the major symptom experienced by people with fibromyalgia.
With the condition of fibromyalgia, the pain that is experienced by the individual is usually amplified. The normal pain signals are amplified to make the individual experience more pain in a particular part of the body.
Comparing with people who don’t have fibromyalgia a normal pain can usually be bearable but in people who have fibromyalgia, even a small symptom of pain is amplified to produce severe pain in their body parts.
Drugs are given to suppress the pain symptoms experienced as an outcome of fibromyalgia.
These drugs are usually focused on reducing hyperalgesia. Some of the facts about hyperalgesia are as follows:
- Experiences from various individuals who use opioid medications say that it can be one of the reasons to cause hyperalgesia. When people take high doses of opioids for general health conditions like pain in any part of the body or when they have a chronic or migraine headache, it can cause hyperalgesia.
- People who have undergone chronic opioid treatment have also reported hyperalgesia.
- The opioids medication is also responsible for amplification of the pain signals which can even cause an inflammatory condition in the affected region. This can reach to hyperalgesia.
- For some people, hyperalgesia is a condition that continues to result in fibromyalgia. But for some people, fibromyalgia is the first symptom experienced where the individuals experience chronic neuropathic pain. That will then lead to hyperalgesia. So it can be both ways.
- For patients who have undergone surgery opioids would have been used to suppress postoperative pain. In these patients, hyperalgesia is seen after the opioids medication is stopped.
Opioid addiction a cause for hyperalgesia
Fibromyalgia can be a constituent for neuropathic pain giving a disturbing effect to most of the patients. It can be an outcome of opioid addiction that a person is exposed to.
If a person is prescribed with opioids medication, they easily get addicted to it as it provides relief during the earlier stages.
Recent researches were conducted to identify the effect of the opioid on fibromyalgia patients. It was identified that people who take long term opioid therapy get the side effect of hyperalgesia.
As a post-operative therapy, opioid is given to the patients for pain reduction. This can also be a period where people can get used to opioid and which can, in turn, change into addiction.
Opioid withdrawal also gives multiple symptoms that a fibromyalgia patient finds difficult to manage. It takes some time to get used to the withdrawal of opioids.
If people are on high doses of opioids the withdrawal symptoms of hyperalgesia and allodynia are seen.
Due to the addictive nature of the pill, the patients complete the opioid drugs prescribed to them even before the due date.
This can lead to overdosage or addiction to opioid. They will not have the patience to visit their doctor in the next course but they will end up buying opioid in the street shops.
In other case, people who have an addiction towards opioids visit their doctors quite often to get a refill. There is a medical term that denotes this condition which is called Opioid-Induced Hyperalgesia.
In this condition, the patients become more dependent on opioids and also become an addict in some case where they will not be able to stand without consuming opioids.
Effects of hyperalgesia in fibromyalgia patients
Ignoring the fact that opioids are major constituent for hyperalgesia symptoms, fibromyalgia patients also experience hyperalgesia to a greater extent.
During this condition people with fibromyalgia experience hypersensitivity in their central nervous system. This will ultimately lead to hyperalgesia.
Fibromyalgia patients are someone who already experiences widespread chronic pain in their body. Searching for some relief, people get used to opioid addiction after diagnosing their pain symptoms as fibromyalgia.
In patients with hyperalgesia, the pain symptoms will be very high. If they get a minor injury in their body, the pain will be experienced ten times to that of what a normal person will experience.
Due to the high pain signals transmitted by the brain, the body also gets tired and it will lead to lots of stress and depression.
When a pain signal is transmitted by the brain, those signals are amplified by the pain pathways ultimately leading to the experience of server pain and unbearable pain in the parts of the body.
There is some natural pain relieving factors in the body. Due to these highly amplified signals, some of the pain-relieving pathways in the body will find it very difficult to suppress the pain signals that are produced.
This will ultimately make the individual feel more pain compared to that of what a normal person will experience.